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Are there any fees associated with CM/ECF?

There are no additional fees for filing documents over the Internet using CM/ECF; existing court document filing fees do apply.

A Public Access to Court Electronic Records (PACER) user ID and secure password must be obtained in order to utilize the Notice of Electronic Filing (NEF) emails that will be sent to the attorney of record and to their two copied recipients (if applicable) each time an entry is made in a case. The attorney of record's primary email address will receive a "free look" at the PDF document.

For more information about fees and PACER, please call 1-800-676-6856 or visit


Can an attorney add, delete, or modify any email address listed in their CM/ECF account?

Yes. Email addresses can be maintained by taking the following actions:

  • Login to CM/ECF & click on "Utilities" in the blue menu bar.
  • Click on "Maintain Your Email".
  • Add/Delete/Modify any email addresse.
  • Click "Submit" on this screen and on the next screen.

Attorneys using the FLND's CM/ECF database are limited to two (2) secondary email addresses

Can an attorney file a document ex parte?

Attorneys have access to three ex parte events including

  • Attorney Time Records - Sealed Portion (Ex Parte);
  • Motion for 5K1 Relief (Ex Parte);and
  • Motion for Rule 35 Relief (Ex Parte).

In regard to attorney time records, electronic service will be made through the use of the "Attorney Time Records (Public Notice)" companion event. However, use of the referenced criminal motions will require the filing attorney to manually serve a copy of the motion on counsel for the applicable defendant.

Can an attorney file a Notice of Appeal electronically and pay the fee online?

Yes. The various Notice of Appeal events have been programmed to allow attorneys who need to pay the appeal filing fee the opportunity to do so via

Can an attorney's support staff receive a copy of the Notice of Electronic Filing (NEF) e-mail?

Yes. Attorneys have the option of authorizing the duplicate receipt of the NEF by up to 2 members of their support staff.

See the Attorneys User's Guide for details.

Can attorneys file case initiating documents, such as complaints and Notices of Removal, electronically through CM/ECF?

Case initiating documents, e.g., Complaints and Notices of Removal, may be filed electronically by attorneys authorized to practice in this district as long as payment is made through during the docketing process using a credit card.

Can attorneys file sealed documents in civil (cv), criminal (cr), or magistrate (mj) cases using CM/ECF?

At this time, all sealed documents must be filed in paper with the Clerk of Court during normal business hours. The only exception are sealed attorney time records which can be filed electronically using the Attorney Time Records - Sealed Portion - Ex Parte event.

Has the implementation of CM/ECF changed the way discovery is filed?

Documents traditionally filed with the court should be filed electronically using the CM/ECF system. Documents, including Discovery-related materials, that are traditionally not made a part of the court record but are served on all counsel of record should be served traditionally (without the use of CM/ECF).

Has the Judicial Conference developed a privacy policy regarding the availability of electronic court records on-line?

Yes. The Judicial Conference Committee on Court Administration and Case Management has issued a Report on Privacy and Public Access to Electronic Case Files.

In addition, the Clerk of Court has also issued a privacy notice.

NOTE: As of November 1, 2004, the public may access public PDF documents filed in public criminal cases through PACER as long as the file date is equal to or greater than 11/01/2004.

How am I expected to file Attorney Time Records?

Case Management/Electronic Case Files (CM/ECF) does not allow users to e-file a pleading that consists of both sealed and unsealed parts. Therefore, attorneys are instructed to file their attorney time records using two separate events; one for the sealed portion ("Attorney Time Records - Sealed Portion - Ex Parte") and the other for the public notice ("Attorney Time Records - Public Notice"). PLEASE NOTE that the public document must be filed first in order for an attorney to utilize the ex parte event for the sealed records. Both events may be accessed through the "Other Documents" hyperlink. Please contact any divisional Clerk's Office if you have questions.

How can I obtain a refund from PACER for items marked on my quarterly bill as "free looks" for which I incurred a PACER charge?

After receiving the quarterly bill from the PACER service center, attorneys should review the bill and circle all items noted as "free looks" that incurred a PACER charge. A copy of this annotated bill should then be sent to the PACER service center along with a written request stating the reason for the refund of access fees and the total amount at issue. The letter must be signed and submitted to the following address:

PACER Service Center
P.O. Box 780549
San Antonio, TX 78278

PACER "free look" fees cannot be refunded until after the quarterly bill has been issued.

If you have any questions regarding the PACER refund process, please call (800) 676-6856. Attorneys in the San Antonio, Texas area may contact PACER by calling (210) 301-6440.


How do attorneys access an electronically filed PDF document through the Notice of Electronic Filing (NEF) Email?

Click the document number hyperlink (appearing as an underlined number in blue on the NEF) to cause a login screen to appear. Next, input your login and password, when prompted..

If the e-filing involved only one PDF file, then Adobe Reader will load and will give you access to view, print, and save the file. If the e-filing involved multiple documents, then you will be presented with a list of the associated documents and their descriptive names.

The first document in this list will be labeled "Main Document". Accessing this PDF will not cause you to incur PACER charges if you have logged in as the attorney of record in the case. Accessing all subsequent documents in this list will result in PACER charges at this time.

If you find that you have been charged for a "free look" document by PACER, simply circle the charges in question and send a letter to PACER asking that the bill be corrected.

How do attorneys sign joint pleadings electronically?

The first attorney prepares the pleading and adds his or her electronic signature in the form of s/. The attorney then sends the electronically signed pleading to opposing counsel in word processing format by e-mail. Upon receipt, that attorney will then sign the pleading electronically using the s/ method and will convert the pleading to PDF.

At this point the joint pleading may be posted in CM/ECF, or in the alternative, the PDF file may be sent back to the originating attorney by e-mail for subsequent posting. Attorneys should discuss and agree on the applicable procedure.

How do I contact the PACER service center?

Contact information for the PACER service center can be found on the PACER contact page.

How do I file a pleading for another attorney in my firm while they are either on vacation or out of the office on other business?

Northern District of Florida Local Rule 5.1(A)(7) allows a person "authorized to act on behalf of a Filing User" to use an attorney of record's password and login to e-file pleadings in a case. In addition, attorneys admitted to practice within the Northern District of Florida may file pleadings on behalf of another using their own CM/ECF password and login.

Choose from the following two options when filing on the behalf of another attorney:

Option 1:

The user authorized to e-file using the attorney of record's password and login should prepare the pleading so that the s/ signature and the signature block reflect the name of the attorney of record in the case. The authorized user may then e-file the pleading using the attorney of record's password and login. 

Option 2:

An attorney who has been admitted to practice within the Northern District of Florida and who has received authorization from the attorney of record in a case may file pleadings on behalf of that attorney using their own CM/ECF password and login. The signature block on the pleading should contain the filing attorney's s/ signature and should also include a reference to the attorney of record in the case on whose behalf they are filing.

Example signature block:

s/ Sheila Hurst-Rayborn
for Jessica J. Lyublanovits

Sheila Hurst-Rayborn, Esq.
Florida Bar Number 000000
Hurst-Rayborn and Associates
000 North Adams Street
Tallahassee, Florida 32301-7717
Office: 850/000-0000
Fax: 850/000-0000
email address (requested)

Attorneys choosing to employ option 2 will receive notification from CM/ECF during the docketing of the pleading that they are not an attorney of record in the case. If you do not plan to represent the associated party, then you may click the "next" button and continue with the event. Attorneys who choose to skip the party/attorney association screen will not receive NEFs in the case.

How do I sign up for PACER (Public Access to Court Electronic Records)?

Visit the PACER site to register for a PACER login.

How do support staff access an electronically filed PDF document through the Notice of Electronic Filing (NEF) Email?

Support staff access PDFs in a similar manner as attorneys.

Mouse-click the document number hyperlink (appearing as an underlined number in blue in the NEF) to cause a login screen to appear. Input the non-attorney user's PACER login and password.

Documents in Social Security cases can only be viewed after the system verifies that the user has entered the FLND-issued login and password of the attorney of record in the case. A PACER login is sufficient for all other case types and for PDF documents filed in criminal cases on or after 11/1/2004.

If the e-filing involved only one PDF file, then Adobe Reader will load and will give you access to view, print, and/or save the file. If the e-filing involved multiple documents, then you will be presented with a list of the associated documents and their descriptive names.

The first document in this list will be labeled "Main Document". Accessing this PDF will not cause you to incur PACER charges if you are the attorney of record. Accessing all subsequent documents in this list will result in PACER charges at this time.

How many copied recipients of NEFs can be added to my account?

The Northern District of Florida has imposed a limit of two (2) copied recipients per CM/ECF primary user account. This limitation has been put into place as of September 22, 2006, in an effort to maintain server efficiency and to reduce the number of incomplete email transactions (called "bouncebacks") processed by CM/ECF.

If you require more than two copied recipients, then you have a few options to choose from:

  1. A current NEF recipient can use their NEF email to access the PDF associated with the subject docket entry (if applicable) and then use the email option located on the Adobe Acrobat toolbar to email the PDF attachment to another email address
  2. A current NEF recipient can use their NEF email to access the PDF associated with the subject docket entry (if applicable) and then save the PDF to a network drive where others can then gain access
  3. A current NEF recipient can use their NEF email to access the PDF associated with the subject docket entry (if applicable), print it, and then distribute the printed copy to other staff members
  4. A current NEF recipient can forward their NEF email to other staff members.

How should proposed orders be submitted to Northern District of Florida Judges?

Please see the proposed orders notice for detailed information.

I received a message indicating that the email address associated with my account is invalid. What should I do?

Contact a member of the Clerk's Office for assistance.


If I create a report in CM/ECF will I receive information from PACER about the potential cost of that report prior to being billed?

In most instances, PACER will notify the user if certain access will result in the incursion of fees. The user will then have the option to "view" or to cancel the action.

In which case number should pleadings be e-filed in cases concerning Motions to Vacate under Section 2255?

All pleadings in 2255 cases should be e-filed in the criminal case only. Nothing should be filed in the associated civil case.

Is access to a PDF document through the Notice of Electronic Filing (NEF) free for everyone in my office who has received a copy of the NEF?

As of December 1, 2007, only attorneys of record are permitted one free look at documents when accessed through the Notice of Electronic Filing (NEF) email.

Billing questions should be directed to the PACER service center.

Should CJA vouchers be filed electronically or should they be filed in paper with the Clerk?

Implementation of CM/ECF has not resulted in any procedural changes regarding the submission of preliminary CJA vouchers for financial review. As these documents are not made part of the case record, all CJA vouchers should be filed as they have traditionally been filed by submitting the information on the hard copy to the Clerk of Court.  More information is available on the CJA Information page.

Should sensitive information be included in any document filed with the court?

You should not include sensitive information in any document filed with the court unless such inclusion is necessary and relevant to the case.

You must remember that any personal information not otherwise protected will be made available over the Internet via CM/ECF and/or WebPACER. If sensitive information must be included, the following personal data identifiers must be partially redacted from the document, whether it is filed traditionally or electronically: Social Security numbers, financial account numbers, dates of birth, and the names of minor children. In addition, exercise caution when filing documents that contain the following:

  1. Personal identifying number, such as driver's license number;
  2. Medical records, treatment and diagnosis;
  3. Employment history;
  4. Individual financial information; and
  5. Proprietary or trade secret information.

In compliance with the Judicial Conference's Privacy Policy, a party wishing to file a document containing the personal data identifiers specified above may so the following upon the granting of a motion asking the court to file a sealed document:

  1. File an unredacted document under seal; or
  2. File a reference list under seal.

Please consult the privacy notice that has been posted to this web site for more information.

What are the hardware and software requirements for filing documents using the CM/ECF system?

  1. A Pentium (or equivalent) computer running a standard operating system.
  2. An Internet connection. Cable or DSL is strongly recommended.
  3. Firefox 3.5 and Internet Explorer 7 and 8 have been tested and certified to work with CM/ECF.
  4. Adobe Acrobat Standard or other software designed to convert word processing documents to portable document format (PDF).
    Note: Word 2007 or higher includes a utility that will convert .docx files to .pdf.  Word Perfect 9 or higher includes a utility that will convert .wpd files to .pdf.
  5. A scanner to image documents that do not exist in electronic format (e.g., maps, photographs, etc.). An imaged .pdf is not searchable, therefore, text .pdf files are preferable when submitting documents that already exist in an electronic format.

What constitutes an electronic signature?

Please consult Local Rule 5.1(A)(7), which states:

Use of the Filing User's login user name and password, either by the Filing User or by someone authorized to act on behalf of a Filing User, to file a document electronically is the legal equivalent of the Filing User's original signature on the document filed and is, for all purposes, the signature of the Filing User required by Fed.R.Civ.P. 11, the Federal Rules of Civil and Criminal Procedure, these Local Rules, and any other purpose for which a signature is required in connection with proceedings before the court.

The court has also approved the use of "s/" (with the attorney's name typed out) on the signature line above the signature block as the electronic signature on the document being filed. The "s/" signature should be used in addition to the attorney's CM/ECF password and login.


s/ Sheila Hurst-Rayborn
Sheila Hurst-Rayborn, Esq.
Florida Bar Number 000000
Hurst-Rayborn and Associates
000 North Adams Street
Tallahassee, Florida 32301-7717
Office: 850/000-0000
Fax: 850/000-0000
email address (requested)


What does it mean if I receive an NEF email, click on the case number hyperlink, and see a CM/ECF screen with a yellow background?

The yellow background signifies that you are looking at the court's CM/ECF TRAIN database and that the NEF was sent to you in error.

What if I cannot pay the filing fee?

If you are unable to pay the filing fee when you submit your complaint or petition, you must request a fee waiver by filing a motion to proceed in forma pauperis, accompanied by a financial affidavit. You may request an in forma pauperis application from the Office of the Clerk of Court. The Judge assigned to your case will review your affidavit to determine whether your motion can be granted. If so, the Clerk will be directed to file your case without payment of the filing fee.

What is an NEF?

NEF stands for Notice of Electronic Filing. This notice is sent by email to all attorneys of record (and up to 2 members of their staff) who have registered for Electronic Case Filing (ECF) each time an electronic document is filed. Attorneys may also opt to receive NEFs in a summary e-mail that will be sent to the attorney once per day.

What is CM/ECF?

The Case Management/Electronic Case Filing (CM/ECF) system is the Federal Judiciary's comprehensive case management system for all bankruptcy, district and appellate courts. CM/ECF allows courts to accept filings and provide access to filed documents over the Internet.

CM/ECF keeps out-of-pocket expenses low, gives concurrent access to case files by multiple parties, and offers expanded search and reporting capabilities. The system also offers the ability to: immediately update dockets and make them available to users, file pleadings electronically with the court, and download documents and print them directly from the court system.

What is PACER?

Public Access to Court Electronic Records (PACER) is an electronic public access service that allows users to obtain case and docket information from federal appellate, district and bankruptcy courts, and the PACER Case Locator via the Internet. PACER is provided by the federal Judiciary in keeping with its commitment to providing public access to court information via a centralized service.

What is the deadline for the timely filing of a document via Electronic Case Filing (ECF)?

All electronic transmissions of documents must be completed prior to midnight of the local time of the division in which the case is pending in order to be considered timely filed that day.

What is the proper format for adding parties through CM/ECF?

All parties should be added using UPPER CASE letters with no punctuation unless the punctuation is a part of the name, e.g., Wal-Mart, O'Bryan, and hyphenated last names such as Smith-Jones.

Only individuals or entities considered to be a party to the case should be added when required. Individuals to be served as a matter of law (i.e., the United States Attorney for this district or the United States Attorney General) should not be added to a case unless they are specifically named on the complaint.


Last Name Field = SMITH

First Name Field = JOHN

Middle Name Field = F

Generation Field = JR The "Title" field should always be blank. Title or other descriptive information should be added to the "Party Text" field.




See the Attorney's User Guide and the Style Guide for Electronic Case Filing for more details.

What should I do if I have successfully registered for ECF but have not been receiving the Notice of Electronic Filing (NEF) emails?

First, contact the Clerk's Office nearest to you and inform them that you are not receiving NEFs.

Possible Solutions

  • Some Internet Service Providers (ISPs) automatically treat NEFs as spam. Therefore, check with your provider to determine if this is the case.
  • Your email system may be automatically sending NEFs directly to your trash folder. If this is the case, consult with your local technical support person or your ISP to determine how to change this setting.
  • Contact your local Clerk's Office if technical problems persist.


What should I do if I make a mistake while opening a new case in CM/ECF?

Call any Northern District of Florida Clerk's Office for assistance as soon as you recognize that a mistake has been made and before aborting the case opening process.

While we would prefer that the case opening process not be aborted until after you have spoken with a member of Clerk's Office staff, we recognize that you may be working after business hours when a problem has been encountered. If so, please make a note of the failed case number and report it to a member of Clerk's Office staff the next business day. In addition, it is very important that you refrain from listing the failed case number as a related, lead, or member case of any subsequent corrective case opening.

If you are new to the electronic case opening process, then we suggest that case openings be performed during normal business hours so that we may provide training assistance to you.

When I search for an existing party to add to a new case, must the party name exactly match the name found on my Complaint?

Yes. Parties should be added to cases so that they appear on the docket exactly as they appear on your case initiating document. If a matching party does not exist in the database, then the attorney should add a new party in accordance with the formatting requirements found in the Style Guide for Electronic Case Filing.

When should the event "Amended Document (NOT motion)" be used by an attorney?

"Amended Document (NOT motion)" was created to allow attorneys to amend a previously filed document that is not a motion. This event allows the user to upload a PDF document and link or make reference to an existing document.

Reasons for amending an existing filing may include the need to correct existing docket text or to correct an improperly formatted PDF document.


An attorney e-files a "Report of Rule 26(f) Planning Meeting" using a scanned PDF document. The next day, the attorney is notified by the clerk that the scanned PDF is incomplete and improperly oriented on the screen making it unreadable.

To correct this error, the attorney should re-scan the Report and e-file the corrected PDF using the event "Amended Document (NOT motion)". During the e-filing process, the event will allow the user to create a link (or a reference) to the original entry, upload the corrected PDF document, and add text to indicate the reason for the re-filing (e.g., "see corrected PDF document").

E-filing using the event "Amended Document (NOT motion)" will produce a Notice of Electronic Filing (NEF) causing the corrected PDF to be electronically transmitted to all attorneys of record who have registered for ECF.

NOTE: The amendment of motions should be accomplished by e-filing the motion using the proper motion relief type (e.g., "for extension of time", "for leave to file", etc.) and selecting "Amended" from the drop down menu that appears on the text edit screen found during the latter portion of the event.

Where can I find detailed information about using the ECF system?

Documentation and training for CM/ECF can be found on the CM/ECF Information page.

Where can I find the Notice of Removal event, and can I use it to open a case electronically?

The Notice of Removal event may be found in the CIVIL menu under the hyperlink Complaints and Other Initiating Documents. One may also use the SEARCH option located in the blue menu bar to perform a keyword search for notice or removal to access the Notice of Removal event directly from the resulting search screen.

Attorneys are strongly encouraged to open civil cases electronically, and the Notice of Removal event may be used for this purpose.

Why am I having trouble viewing PDF documents through the docket sheet?

Most problems viewing PDFs are related to problems with individual computers, and not with the CM/ECF system.  Try clearing your browser's cache, first. In some cases, you may also need to contact a member of your Information Technology staff to troubleshoot the issue. If you continue to have problems, then please contact the Clerk's Office nearest to you.

Why am I receiving the message "ERROR: This document contains embedded links (annotations and/or hyperlinks). This PDF document cannot be accepted."?

A restriction was added on December 7, 2009 that prevents e-filers from uploading portable document format (PDF) files containing hyperlinks to resources that reside on the Internet or to bookmarked locations within the document. The restriction also prevents users from uploading PDF files containing active email addresses (i.e., addresses that allow users to click on them within a PDF document in order to send an email). This change was necessary in order to promote continued system security.

To remove hyperlinks from a Microsoft Word 2007 file:

  1. Right click on the hyperlink
  2. Click on the menu option Remove Hyperlink.

To remove hyperlinks from a WordPerfect file:

  1. Highlight the hyperlink text
  2. Right click the highlighted text
  3. Clicking the menu option Reveal Codes.
  4. At the bottom of the screen within the formatting window, place your mouse cursor between the last character in the hyperlink text and the Hyperlink formatting icon.
  5. Press the Delete key on your keyboard to retain the hyperlink text but remove the link.
  6. To close the formatting codes window, right click anywhere in the document, and left click on the now checked Reveal Codes option to turn off the option.

PDF Check

PDF Check is used to evaluate PDFs as they are uploaded to ensure they meet validity and security requirements. This service scans all files before they are uploaded into CM/ECF and performs a check on the file size and file type.  Any PDF larger than the maximum file size will be rejected by the system.  Maximum File Size is 50mb per attachment.

PDFs with the following content will be rejected:

• Does not comply with PDF format standards

• Contains JavaScript

• Encrypted or password-protected

• Contains scripts which can launch an external application

• Contains internal attachments

• Contains audio and video content

NOTE: Appellate CM/ECF will allow audio and video content to be

embedded and attached by internal court users.

• Created with Mac OS X using a fillable form in the Safari browser

• Created with Mac OS X using MS Word and selecting the option, “Best for


PDFs with the following content will be accepted:

• Contains editable forms

NOTE: These documents may be rejected by court policy. Appellate CM/ECF

may be configured to reject PDFs with editable forms.

• Contains hyperlinks to external web sites

• Meets the PDF-A standard

• Contains optical character recognition (OCR) meta-data

• Comprised of scanned documents

NOTE: Courts may stipulate acceptable dots-per-inch (dpi) standards.

• Created with Mac OS X using a fillable form in the Chrome browser

• Created with Mac OS X using MS Word and selecting the option, “Best for

Electronic Distribution”

If a filer tries to upload a PDF with prohibited content, it will be rejected. The simplest

way to address most PDF upload rejections is to flatten the PDF, then upload and replace it.

Page 2 contains instructions for both flattening a PDF and removing JavaScript from PDFs

with attached audio or video files that can be used for appellate courts that allow court users to

upload PDFs with attached audio or video files.


The simplest way to address most PDF upload rejections is to flatten the PDF and then

upload it into CM/ECF. Those steps are as follows:

1. Open your PDF in Adobe Acrobat or another tool.

2. Print the PDF file to your PDF printer (File>Print>select Adobe PDF or another

PDF printer listed in the drop-down list).

3. Save the printed PDF and upload into CM/ECF.

NOTE: If using Nuance, it contains a flatten file feature which can be found by selecting

Advanced Processing> Flatten File.


For appellate courts that are configured to allow audio and video attachments:

PDFs with attached audio and/or video often also have JavaScript added and will be

rejected because the JavaScript can cause Cross-Site Scripting attacks.

To remove JavaScript from the file:

1. Open the PDF with attached audio/video file.

2. Go to File > Save as Other > Optimized PDF.

3. Click OK to pop up message about the attached file.

4. Click on Discard Object on the left bar.

5. Check Discard all JavaScript actions.

6. Click OK and save.

Why can't I find categories for posting discovery related documents?

Counsels' attention is directed to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 5(d), which prohibits the filing of discovery materials (including notices of deposition, deposition transcripts, interrogatories and interrogatory responses and notices thereof, production requests and responses and notices thereof, and admissions requests and responses and notices thereof) and disclosures under Rules 26(a)(1) and 26(a)(2), unless and until needed for consideration of pending motions by the court. Discovery related posting events have accordingly been removed from CM/ECF menu options.

Why can't I see all or some PDF documents that have been filed in criminal or social security cases?

Access to a PDF document may be restricted in these case types for the following reasons: 

  • The document is sealed or was filed ex parte;
  • Only the attorney of record in a Social Security case may view PDF documents;
  • Only the attorney of record in a Criminal case may view PDF documents filed prior to 11/1/04;

An attorney of record's login and password must be used to view PDFs in restricted case types either through the docket sheet or through an NEF. Note that only court users have access to documents and cases that are sealed.

Why has my county Sheriff's Office returned issued FLND civil summons forms to me indicating that they cannot be served because they are copies?

The U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Florida utilizes electronic civil summons forms based on the summons form format guidelines found at Fed.R.Civ.P. Rule 4(a)(F) & (G) and rules regarding electronic signatures at Rule 5(d)(3). Electronic filing and signatures are provided for in Northern District of Florida Local Rule 5.1(A)(7). All county Sheriff's Offices located within the Northern District of Florida have been apprised of these rules via a letter from the Clerk of Court.

Issued civil summons forms are available through the Docket Sheet for applicable cases filed electronically by attorneys. Issuance takes the form of the application of the issuing deputy clerk's s/name, the typed name of the Clerk of Court, and a digital representation of the court's seal to the form. The event used to document the issuance is called "Summons Issued".

County Sheriff's offices should serve issued summons forms printed from the court's docket without questioning their format especially if they are delivered to law enforcement with a cover letter indicating that the United States District Court for the Northern District of Florida is an electronic court.

Why must I answer questions about the filing of an Application to Proceed Without Prepayment of Fees and/or whether or not I am filing on the behalf of the USA or as a Court Appointed Attorney when I open a new case electronically?

If you answer y or Y in response to either question, you are telling the software to skip the screens involved in the collection of a filing fee via

If you answer using any other character besides a capital or lower case y, then the system will proceed to the screens.

For example, the response of yes when filing a case involving a Motion to Proceed In Forma Pauperis or filing as a government or CJA attorney will not be properly identified by the system and will cause the user to progress to the screens. The proper response in this instance would be Y or y.

Will I be billed by PACER if I access a PDF document through the Notice of Electronic Filing (NEF) more than once?

Attorneys of record are afforded one free look at a PDF document viewed through an NEF email. All subsequent viewings of that document will result in PACER charges. Users are encouraged to save the PDF document onto their firm's network drive or to the local hard drive (C:\) for subsequent access.

Will I be billed by PACER if I click on the docket sheet report hyperlink located on the Notice of Electronic Filing (NEF)?

Yes. Clicking on the docket sheet hyperlink found on the NEF will cause a PACER login screen to appear if you have not already logged into PACER that day. Once you have completed the login screen you will be presented with the current docket sheet for that case. Access to the docket sheet will result in PACER charges.

Will pro se parties be able to participate in Electronic Case Filing (ECF)?

At this time, electronic case filng is available to attorneys admitted to practice in the Northern District of Florida. Pro se parties are authorized to file pleadings in paper form.

Pro se parties will have access to most court documents over the Internet using a PACER login and password. Exceptions include criminal documents filed prior to 11/01/04 and all documents filed in Social Security cases.

After a trial is over, am I finished or am I still on call?

Yes. Your jury service in federal court is complete for two years.

After receipt of a summons, how long will I be required to call in or check online for instructions?

Jurors are summoned to serve for a month for petit jury service, or twelve to eighteen months for grand jury service.

During the month summoned to serve, you must call the Automated Jury Information System (AJIS), at 1(866) 560-4756, after 4:30 PM ET each Friday, starting with the first possible reporting date on your summons.

Do NOT report without first calling the recorded message to determine if you need to report for federal jury duty.

Follow the reporting instructions for the duration of your term. You will be given a specific time and day to report for jury selection.

You can also check your current status and reporting instructions online with Ejuror.

After receipt of the summons, when should I return the enclosed Jury Information form and Confidential Juror questionnaire?

The Jury Information form should be returned immediately in the self addressed envelope provided. You should bring the Confidential Juror Questionnaire with you when you report for jury service.

Are jurors given lunch breaks?

Yes. There are several restaurants within walking distance of each of the courthouses. Jurors are also welcome to bring their own lunch.

Can I "apply" to be a juror?

No. Per the Plan for the Random Selection of Grand and Petit Jurors, jurors in the Northern District of Florida are selected at random from the certified list of registered voters from Florida's Secretary of State. One must be a registered voter and reside for one year within the Northern District of Florida.

Can I be recalled for service in another month, if I did not actually report for jury duty during the month for which I was summonsed?

Yes. In rare instances, if additional qualified jurors are needed for a jury trial the court may recall qualified jurors from other months who did not actually report for jury duty.

Can my employer fire me because I am serving as a federal juror?

No. Jury service is a citizen's obligation and the employer has to provide the employee with time to serve. Your employment is protected by Federal and State Law. It is illegal for an employer to take reprisals or fire an employee because of jury service. Any employer who violates the provisions of 28 U. S.C. § 1875:

  • Shall be liable for damages for any loss of wages or other benefits suffered by an employee by reason of such violation;
  • May be enjoined from futher violations of this section and ordered to provide other appropriate relief, including but not limited to the reinstatement of any employee discharged by reason of his jury service; and,
  • Shall be subject to a civil penalty of not more than $5,000.00 for each violation as to each employee.


How can my family reach me in case of an emergency?

Your family may call the Clerk's Office at the courthouse where you are serving.


How do I request to be excused if jury service will result in undue hardship or extreme inconvenience?

Instructions and criteria for requesting a hardship excuse can be found on the jury duty information page.

How much time will it take until I know if I'm selected?

Jury selection time varies. Generally, you should know within two to three hours after selection commences in the courtroom whether you are selected to serve or not.

How was I selected for jury duty?

Per the Plan for the Random Selection of Grand and Petit Jurors, your name was randomly selected from the certified list of registered voters obtained by the court from Florida's Secretary of State, and you completed and returned to the court a Juror Questionnaire which indicated that in accordance with court rules and federal statutes you qualified to serve as a juror.

I live a long distance from the courthouse. Do I need to report?

Yes. If the distance from your home to the courthouse is at least 60 miles or more one-way and commuting each day would be impracticable, you may come the night before you are to appear. Authorization for overnight stays must be obtained in advance from the Jury Administrator. More information on overnight stays and juror payment can be found on the Jury Duty Information page.

If I am selected, what are the hours I would be expected to spend at the courthouse?

Court is usually held between the hours of 9:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m.

If I served on jury duty in Circuit Court, do I have to serve in Federal Court?

Yes. You are still eligible for federal jury service.

If I work, do I still have to serve as a juror?

Yes. A great majority of jurors work. In fact, employers must provide employees with time to serve as a juror, and cannot charge said time to either vacation or sick leave.

Is my employer obligated to pay regular salary even on jury duty days?

Although most private companies do pay employees serving as federal jurors their regular salaries, they are not obligated to do so.

May I be late?

No. It is important for you to report promptly for jury duty. If an emergency arises, you should notify the deputy clerk of the circumstances, when you report. If the emergency is such that you absolutely cannot report for jury service, you should call 850-521-3705 and notify the jury administrator.

May I bring a friend or members of my family?

Generally, the court is open to the public. However, you cannot talk to anyone about the trial while you are serving on jury duty and it may be best to leave friends, family, and children at home while you serve on jury duty.  No family members are allowed in the jury assembly room.

May I leave the Jury Assembly Room or Courtroom?

If you need to leave the Jury Assembly Room, please notify the jury clerk. Once you are in the courtroom, you may leave only when the judge takes a break or excuses the jury from the courtroom.

May I smoke?

Smoking is prohibited within the courthouse. Smoking is permitted outside the building only.

What happens if I don't report for jury duty?

Jurors who fail to report as directed can be ordered to appear before the court to show cause for his/her failure to comply with the summons. Any person who fails to appear pursuant to such order or who fails to show good cause for noncompliance with the summons under the Jury Selection Act (18 U.S.C. 1866(g)) may be fined not more than $1,000, imprisoned not more than three days, ordered to perform community service, or any combination thereof.

What kinds of cases are handled in Federal Court?

Federal court jurisdiction is limited to certain types of cases listed in the U.S. Constitution. For the most part, federal court jurisdiction only hear cases in which the United States is a party, cases involving violations of the Constitution or federal law, crimes on federal land, and bankruptcy cases. Federal courts also hear cases based on state law that involve parties from different states. While federal courts handle fewer cases than most state courts, the cases heard tend to be of great importance and of great interest to the press and the public.

What should I bring with me when I report for jury duty?

Jurors should bring the completed Confidential Juror Questionnaire, and the upper section of the summons.  Please note that due to heightened security at all federal courthouse, a government-issued photo ID is required to enter the building.

In addition, please note that jurors may not bring weapons of any kind or electronic devices of any kind into the courthouse, including but not limited to: cell phones, smart phones, radios, PDA's, recording devices, portable computers, cameras and portable music players.


Which law protects me in my employment while, or after, serving as a juror?

The Protection of Jurors Employment Status Act includes both the protection of the status of employment after jury duty as well as during the period of jury service, Costello v. United States, 350 U.S. 359, 362 (1956). Thus, among other rulings, courts have determined it is unlawful for an employer to:

  • React with hostility to the news of the employee's jury duty, withdraw customary assistance to the employee; criticize, reprimand or discharge the employee without cause, but rather for reasons related to the jury service. ( Hill v. Winn- Dixie Stores Inc., 934 F 2d 1518 (11th Cir 1991)).
  • Pressure an employee to submit a materially misleading statement to the court in an attempt to avoid jury duty. (U.S.A. ex rel Perkins v. Sara Lee Corp., 839 F. Supp. 393 (W.D.Va.1993), vacating on other grounds, 852 F Supp1321 (1994) (stipulation of Dismissal vacating judgment)).
  • Coerce an employee into requesting postponement of the jury duty until the employee has earned sufficient vacation time for it. (Jones v. Marriott Corp., 609 F Supp. 577 (D.D.C. 1985)).
  • Cut back the work hours, change work assignments or conditions and/or discharge an employee serving on jury duty because his absences upset the employers work schedule. (In Re Webb, 586 F. Subb. 1480 (N.D.Ohio 1984)).
  • Obligating jurors to work overtime after jury service hour or assigning jurors to work on their personal days from jury duty. (U.S. A. ex rel Madonia v. Coral Springs Partnership Ltd., 731 F. Supp. 1054, 1056 (S.D. Fla. 1990)).


Why do I have to call or check eJuror so often?

We draw groups of jurors for service each month. The court works diligently to schedule trials and summons jurors to the courthouse only when needed. It is important to call the jury information line or check eJuror after 5 p.m. each Friday, because the recording and eJuror will have the most current jury reporting information available.

Why do we spend so much time sitting around before the actual selection process starts?

This time is used by the judge and the attorneys to discuss unexpected events that must be communicated outside the presence of the jury.  This may seem like time wasted, but it is important for the judge and the parties to be able to resolve these issues before the jurors report to the courtroom. 


Will I serve on civil or criminal trials?

The U.S. District Court conducts trials in both civil and criminal cases. There is no way to know what type of case a juror might be assigned to until the day they report for jury service.

Can I file documents in my case electronically?

No, only attorneys admitted to practice in this court can file electronically. All pro se litigants must submit documents to the Clerk of Court and the Clerk will electronically file the document for you.

Can I rely on the deadline or hearing date/time found within the docket text when litigating a case?

No. Attorneys are responsible for tracking deadlines and hearings. Deadlines calculated by the CM/ECF system may have extra days added for court case management purposes. These deadlines should not be relied upon for case litigation purposes.

Informational resources for determining deadlines and/or hearings are as follows:

  • The text of any text-only notice of hearing/order, i.e., notices or orders entered by the court directly on the docket without the addition of a PDF document;
  • The PDF document that constitutes the electronic order or hearing notice;
  • The Local Rules for this district; and
  • The Federal Rules.

Please consult the Attorney User's Guide for more information.

Do I have to use a form when filing a document with the court?

Yes. Local court rules require all pro se litigants who wish to file an employment discrimination action, a civil rights action, or habeas petition to use court forms. The forms are available free of charge from the Clerk of Court.

How much does it cost to file a case?

The fee to file a civil case and a complete list of filing fees can be found on the fee schedule.

Where should I file my case (which Division)?

The Northern District of Florida consists of four divisions:  Gainesville, Panama City, Pensacola, and Tallahassee.  Each division serves the surrounding counties. The division where your case should be filed is determined by either where the majority of the defendants are located or the location where the events took place.

Will my case be reviewed by a United States District Judge?

In federal court, magistrate judges are also judicial officers of the court. All United States magistrate judges serving within the territorial jurisdiction of the Northern District of Florida have authority as conferred by 28 U.S.C. § 636 to review cases and enter orders.  Your case will, likely, be referred to a magistrate judge for preliminary procedures.  By court rule, all prisoner complaints and petitions are referred to a magistrate judge, as well as any civil case with a pro se litigant.  Should the case go to trial, an Article III District judge will preside over the trial, absent the parties' consent to trial by a magistrate judge.